‘Smoke ‘Em’
Two the largest naval battles of the post-World War II era occurred in the 1980s. The United Kingdom fought Argentina over the Falkland Islands from April 2 to June 14, 1982, resulting in the British regaining control of its territory. In the second battle, Operation Praying Mantis, the United... Read more
Before 2003, the Pentagon Planned a Secret Air War Over Iraq
In early 2004, as controversy over the decision to invade Iraq the year prior mounted, Pres. George W. Bush endured accusations his administration had decided from the very beginning to take military action to force regime change in Baghdad. Paul H. O’Neill, Bush’s secretary of the treasury until his... Read more
Before the Nuclear Deal, America and Iran Flirted With War
The 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, also known as the Iran nuclear deal, is arguably the most significant foreign policy achievement of former U.S. president Barack Obama’s administration. For all its faults, the deal demonstrated that, under certain conditions, an intensely hostile regime such as the Islamic Republic... Read more
Iraq, Not Afghanistan, Is America’s Longest War
There’s no question the United States’ war in Afghanistan — now entering its 16th year — ranks high on the list of America’s longest wars. But does it deserve the unenviable moniker of “America’s longest war?” Hardly. In fact, that title belongs to a conflict most Americans view not... Read more
In 1987, a Rogue U.S. Navy Admiral Schemed for War With Iran
By 1987, the Iran-Iraq War had turned the Persian Gulf into a shooting gallery. As part of a total war strategy, both Baghdad and Tehran targeted merchant shipping to impede the other side’s war effort. During eight years of brutal fighting, hundreds of commercial vessels, many belonging to neutral... Read more